Guide of selection, maintenance and installation of tiles and ceramics
When selecting a tile, we need to make sure that our chosen tile is suitable for the environment we want to use. For example, the use of tile flooring is not suitable for the floor because it is slippery, and the use of tile with high water absorption is not true for the outside environment. The main types of tiles for installation in different parts of the house are:
using tiles for the wall and floor of the kitchen.
The tiles used in the kitchen floor are at a risk of exhaustion and damage. Normally, more than anywhere else we stand on the kitchen tiles and move through the area, for example, along the path between the sink and the fridge. On the other hand, the tiles may be polluted more often than anywhere else, and the fat should be cleaned, and therefore must be cleaned and therefore should have high quality conditions in terms of strength and chemical resistance.
It is also possible in the kitchen that different things fall on the tile, or that it has to bear the weight of the floor, the stove, and the washing machine. Therefore, when choosing a tile for the kitchen, we need to be careful with the chemical resistance and resistance.
The tiles used in the kitchen wall are under the influence of less tension as we are never going to walk on it or our means are not placed on it. Of course, those tiles, like floor tiles, should have high chemical resistance due to exposure to nutrients and detergents (including resistance to acid and base).
tiled floors and walls used in the outside of the building.
Considering that the temperature of the environment reaches below zero in the cold seasons of the year, we need to use the tile in the outdoor environment to make resistance to frostbite. Suitable tiled for these environments are tiles that are produced by enquiry and have low water absorption. These tiles can be selected from the glazed tiled , porcelain glazed Tile and non glazaed tiles .
Use of tile in public places
Mechanical strength and resistance to chemical stresses in the tiles should be primarily high . Also , the beauty of these tiles is one of the points to be taken when buying because it is different to use the tile in a plant ‘s environment or use it in the dining room . should be used in these locations , which are very hard to have high wear resistance and are resistant to chemical and pollution attacks . If you want a floor tile for the environment , which is precisely the entrance to the outside of the building , you should be careful with the choice of lacquered tiles with glass levels . The tiles are exposed to the exposure of visitors to the exposure of the visitors . For use at the restaurant , you should be careful in selecting the polished Porcelain. –
Glass tile has a beautiful look , but it is certainly more talented to show abrasion due to wear . That is why the use of a matte tile is more appropriate for the traffic – filled surfaces .
using tiles for industrial environments
The tiles used in industrial environments are affected due to the presence of ma chinery , transport vehicles , and affected people due to excessive charge and mechanical stress and friction due to the chemicals in the environment . Also , safety precautions should be observed because of the presence of liquids on the tile . If there are food in environments where food is present , we need to make sure that the tiles are cleaned up so that the tiles are cleaned up so that health issues are met . by increasing the thickness of the tile , the tile strength and stress tolerance should be increased . Therefore the tiles used in industrial settings should be thicker . In places where the landslide risks exist , the slip – resistant tiles must be used , which is usually the surface of the slide .
Choosing the right tile
all the characteristics of the tile on the carton from the production plant, the type of design, the size of the tile, its rating, with the number of history tracking number and … have been inserted. A first – class tile is used to match the specification in terms of its standard sample, and up to 5 tiles from 100 tiles can be surface defects. In the grade of tile grade, there can be three, three, four, and acceptable wastes. The rating type depends on the standards used in the plant and may vary from factory to plant. Once a low – grade tile is purchased, you will need to tell you exactly the degree of two types of defects to you when it is purchased and installed, since it is usually found on the tile that complaining of the product purchased after installation is not acceptable. The color and work size are two items that need to be taken care of when shopping. When producing tile, conditions do not allow the production of all products during production periods with one ton of colour, and they may be slightly different in terms of colour, and of course the difference is determined when the tiles are positioned right next to each other. For this reason, before the tiles are packed, the distressed tiles are separated and the remaining products are divided into varying degrees with respect to its contents
The work size or the manufacturing dimensions of the plant, as in color, may vary depending on the time of production at the plant, depending on the changes generated in the furnace or other manufacturing conditions of the dimensions. For this purpose, all the components involved in a packing must be in terms of dimensions in a range of suffering. The tiling’s dimensions can also be inserted on the tile packing alongside the nominal size of the tile. For example, a tile in the 20 – 20 dimension may have the actual size of 198 in 198 mm
Therefore, when selecting a tile, it is necessary to make sure the selected tiles are identical in terms of color and color. Now, if the tiles that are prepared are different in color or work dimensions, the tiles will be adjusted to start the tiles first, and then together they are used together in terms of each other in terms of the size and size of the match. For example, if you are prepared for a tile complex and these tiles are different in color and sizes, they should be made and used for each unit of the same tiles.
The difference between the tile and the tiled level is exactly the same as cloth and cloth. A good cloth must be made to prepare a proper dress, but this alone is not enough. The work of the tailor and the building designer here is exactly similar to one another and to create a good tile level, besides selecting a suitable tile, there should be a good designer and a good performer.
What types of tiles should be made ?
To calculate the amount of tile required to cover a surface area , in addition to the area of work on the tile installation method and the arrangement and arrangement of the tiles , the area of these straps can affect the amount of the required tile . Also , remember that even in the best classification and sorting of the tile may be a small percentage of quality errors , so if the beauty of the area is sensitive to you , this is entirely up to your sensitivity , as well as the tile arrangement that you should make in estimate , such as the installation of the tile into , Diagonal shapes or Chess shapes , and more pattern than the simple layout model . Therefore , it is advisable not to forget that depending on the conditions of the plan and the beauty that you expect to take 5 % to 10 % of the entire tile area , so it is highly recommended that you place this information on the appropriate site for future development or possible changes and for other reasons , so that you can stick to such information on a tile and in the right place for this information . This information , which includes numbers and letters , is a tile production code , and helps the seller to give you the nearest product to the tile .
Performing and install the tile Before applying the job
, the desired tile must be selected , the desired level is prepared to implement the plan and the tool and means required . We need to make careful attention to the local corners , which we want to tile , and ensure both the smooth floor and the wall and the floor . If there are visible defects on the surface and the wall , we must act before we implement it . Once we choose our favorite tile , we need to look at the writings that have been inserted on the tile box by the manufacturer . It usually includes the grade of tile , color , body in that color , its size and other technological characteristics , including the standard under license , and specifications of robustness and … . For this reason , before starting to install the tiles , we need to get the tiles out of the box and look in color and … to make no difference in the tiles . The choice boxes may not be identical in terms of tone or size due to the differing production period . For this reason , it is best to choose tiles , which is from a production period so that it is difficult to deal with when implementing work . Given that the complaint is usually placed on the tiles that after installation of the tile , the complaint is not accepted on the tile , so we need to act before applying the tiles to the tiles . The tiles must also be studied as well because , if the tile has concave planarity , we will face the problem when we install it . A suitable tile usually has a low crown swing that will be partially reversed after the work is done , due to the moisture expansion and … the swing will be partially reversed and the tile will be a little straighter . Before applying the task , the distance should be calculated and the use of the appropriate material for the pre – computation time is calculated and checked to order the required amount of tile requirements . Can equipment can be used in the market for tiling to set the tiles right next to each other and at the right distance . The glue or cement we want to use should be prepared beforehand . After the timing of the tiles is finished , the tiles can be cleaned to clean the tiles because usually the tile surface is contaminated by the installation material , which is not easily separated in the future if the tiles remain on the tile .
It should be noted that the materials used for a tile connection usually require some time to harden , and that depending on the type of matter can be different . For example , before tightening the floor of the floor tiles , the floor should not be moved to any title on the floor or placed objects and furniture on it . If this is not done , the tiles are possible to move the tiles .
It has to be careful before performing the job if it is to be carried out in plumbing , wiring and … the operation prior to the execution of the job non-glazed tiles are polished tiles and … usually can be contaminated by the pollution caused by the environment or cement and the installation of the tile and that the contamination is left to work . Therefore , before the implementation , it must be checked to carry out the necessary precautions to be installed when implementing the task .
The installation of a tile on the wall runs in two ways:
- Sticking tile First we wound the task with the pickaxe , then prepare the tool kit with a bit of water and drawing it with a special knife for a square meter to the wall , then we install the tile with a bit of pressure and make sure that it can be used after a few hours of operation and work after 48 hours . There are three types of masking methods : With a shrug of the shoulders . With a spoon knife on the back of the tile or ceramic . – The comb method is used for small dimensions ( sub – 20 ) and when it is very aligned and without a wave . A more homogeneous and synthetic method is used for the installation of large – scale tiles and ceramics when the work is not well aligned and there is a wave .
- Install a tile with mortar mortar In this way , the tiles are fixed at a certain distance from the wall of one to one with the help of clay and then gently pour the tiles off the tiles . In this way the tiles must be made into a single state , and the mortar is gradually falling out so that the tiles don ” t move or fall . So the tiles are not filled so well , and the tiles may not be aligned well .
How can it be seen that a well – tiled surface has been Tiling?
To identify a good tile performance , order and order in execution , in a row of tiles , the proper utilization of Border and the tile edge , the tile at different surfaces of the room wall should be considered . It should also be noted that the tile is completely positioned in place , filling the glue or mortar all below the tile surface , and doesn’t loose on the popular promise of the tile . Also , all the tiles should be glued to the desired surface so as not to be damaged by the time of time . For a surface tiling to be performed well , we need to be careful of the level specifications that we want to tile , and we need to prepare the area under the tile as well as to be perfectly smooth and have the ability to execute the tile . Also , we should consider the environment we want to tile .
preservation and cleaning of the tile
tile is one of the most difficult and most difficult materials that can be used to cover the environment , but the useful life of the tiles in addition to the sex and tile quality is directly related to how it is installed . Also , the optimum use of the tile , the environment that is used , and the floor conditions and the wall also affect the importance . If the foundation is not fit , the tiled surface will be planted . In order to clean the tile , the material should be used , which is standard and does not damage the tile surface because the strong and strong bases can destroy the tile surface due to being Corrosive . Also , some acid materials can have destructive effects on the cement that is used for Tiling . adhesives prepared by the use of epoxy materials are usually more resistant to chemical attacks .
Due to the fact that tiles are not considered as flexible materials It should be careful to make sure that the heavy material does not fall on the tiles . The areas where devices are allowed to fall on the tile surface should be covered by carpets or mat mat . While cleaning , it has to be careful not to use the abrasive material , but if it is necessary to use these materials , it must be done with the utmost accuracy , as it is usually possible to damage the surface of the tile surface by abrasion of the material and damage its glass surface .
How to change the broken tile ?
Using the following method , you can change the broken tile in a few minutes without damaging the surrounding tiles .
Required tools: nails, hammers, paper tape
If the Below of tiles are fine , for a few broken tiles , there is no need to replace all the tiles . You can insert the broken tile with chisel and replace it with a healthy tile . Just follow the tile , and follow the following steps .
- Glue the edges of the surrounding tiles so that they will not be damaged during work and removal of broken tiles. Just cover the tiles. You should also remove the slurry or cement between them with a broken tile and reattach.
- Place a nail in the middle of the broken tile and hit it on the head with a hard hammer. This will break the tile into small pieces without layering and make it easier to remove.
- Place the chisel at a 45 degree angle in the middle of the broken tile. Tap it with a hammer to get under the tile. Do this from the middle to the side of the tiles. Remove both the tile and the surrounding cement.
- Spread a thin layer of mortar with trowel on the back of the new tile. The mortar should not be so large that it protrudes around the tile when pressed. Press the tile in place by observing the distance from the four sides. Allow the mortar to dry completely overnight.
- Tie the remaining space. Use a special trowel that is light and flat and can send the slurry with pressure into the seams. Remove excess grout from the tile surface.